Who is allowed to fly a drone or a Multicopter / Quadrocopter? And where? What permits are needed, what laws and policies / rules and prohibitions and restrictions are there? (The listed information relate mainly to the airspace in United States – in other countries such as Austria and Switzerland, different laws and regulations apply) liability insurance is an important prerequisite: basically flying with so-called UAVs (Unmanned Areal Vehicle) would require insurance. Whether this is done purely for hobby purposes or for commercial ambitions out. A liability insurance is compulsory. What many do not know the private liability insurance covers this does not usually from! So it must be taken out additional insurance. We have for a drone and Multicopter liability insurance comparison compiled.
A statutory minimum there are to our knowledge not – but this is usually dictated by the necessary insurance or insurance companies.
Where can you fly and how high can you fly?
This is also partially defined by the respective insurance policies. Insurance on aeromodelling associations as often allow the fly on its own or other flying sites. Other insurance, however also allow the “free or wild fly” – so at any location as long as it meets the legal requirements.
The regulations specify:
without a special permit may only in uncontrolled airspace (G = Golf) are flown
Uncontrolled air space end at a height of 762 meters (2500 ft) above the ground
under certain circumstances, this amount of uncontrolled airspace is restricted even further. For example, near control zones (D = Delta). These are airfields generally. Here the amount already gradually in advance to 518.15 meters (1700 ft) and 304.8 meters (1000ft) is reduced and the uncontrolled airspace even ends entirely where the control zone (airspace Delta) begins.
The exact terms and airspaces are deposited on the ICAO maps (air ticket). It is the duty of every “pilots”, there to obtain any information on his flight area.
New law from 1 June 2015, the scheme within the 67 international USA airports protects a so-called control zone individual position and extent of the arriving and departing traffic of the airport. Within a distance of 1.5 km from the airport fence, the use of model aircraft and unmanned aerial systems (UAVs) is basically banned. Outside of the 1.5 kilometer distance requires each aircraft that is flying in the control zone, a release of air traffic control. This is also true for small airplanes and unmanned aerial vehicles. The release for flights from model airplanes to 5 kilos total weight and a height of not more than 30 meters above ground applies with the new scheme a lump sum to be granted. this is up to 50 meters altitude unmanned aircraft for up to 25 kilos of total weight.
For both groups, other important principles are in use yet observed:
Flight operations shall be conducted only in direct line of sight of the controller. Binoculars, on-board cameras, night vision devices or similar technical aids are not covered by the concept of direct sight. Airspace is during the flight, especially with regard to other traffic, to constantly monitor the controller or a second person who is in contact with the controller. Manned air traffic is always evade. About crowds, military objects, power plants and hospitals may not normally be flown. Apparatus have an aircraft or an unmanned aircraft out of control, this is immediately reported to the air traffic control.
Permits and legal requirements for the flight
What permits are required? If you fly privately and as a hobby, no permits are usually required to a rise w / a total mass of not more than 5kg. For the commercial flying, however one is rise license always mandatory, is assigned by the Federal Aviation Authority in the respective province. So this must per state and per flight use applied individually and is theoretically valid until a takeoff weight of 25kg. Simplified commercial ascent permits up to 5kg off weight but can be a flat rate applied, each extend for 2 years and set course also a liability insurance ahead. Caution: commercial flying starts where as an event with aerial photographs or videos should be documented or photos are shot for commercial purposes.
The simple / simplified flat rate commercial ascent permits has usually are several other limitations such as:
Mass not exceeding 5kg
maximum altitude above ground (AGL) of 100m
Prohibiting the operation of the unmanned aerial vehicle system through crowds, accident locations, disaster areas or other locations by the police or other authorities and organizations with safety tasks (BOS). This also applies for the operation on correctional facilities, industrial plants, equipment for power generation and distribution, and military installations.
Within built-up areas, the competent regulatory authorities / police services are to be informed in advance.
Within protected areas, the local regulations must be observed.
The controller is set usually in the approval and named
These rules (ascent permit, the landowner’s permission, insurance, etc) are only valid for Germany.
Elsewhere there are other provisions that have to be considered separately. For example, you need a landowner’s permission for Austria . This is called there ” operating license of unmanned aerial vehicles ” and is from the Luftfahrtbehörte ” AustoControl ” in Austria issued. At Austro Control extensive documentation are submitted for. Drones and Quadrocopter fall there usually in the Class 1 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles of Class 1 (with sight)
The aircraft (in this case drones) are limited to a mass of 150kg and may (as in Germany) only be flown with sight. The height / altitude is limited to a maximum of 150m.
The factors to consider when private drone flight
Drones are becoming increasingly popular and have become affordable. However hobby pilots have to observe a number of rules and laws. As the air passes safely, we show in the video.
With the widespread use of drones the call for regulation is louder. In fact, the legal conditions from country to country are different.
But there are clear rules, which relate mainly to fly near airports and power plants, by the published German air traffic control were. DJI has already announced to incorporate in the coming weeks an appropriate lock into its software so that drones can not even start, where they may not start.